Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Acculturation, Dietary Intake and Chronic Diseases Among Latinos
by Chooi, Yu Chung, M.S., Howard University, 2016, 65; 10190826
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of acculturation [language(s) usually spoken at home, and length of residence in the United States (US)] of Mexican-American and other Hispanics to dietary intakes, as well as to chronic diseases such as overweight/obesity, diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.

The study was based on data extracted from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 860 Hispanic subjects aged 40 years or more were utilized in the study. Data were analyzed using SUDAAN statistical software. Statistical procedures used to address the study objectives were t-tests and chi-square tests.

The findings demonstrated that language usually spoken at home (English more than Spanish or only English) was associated with higher intakes of total fat, total saturated fat, total monounsaturated fat, total polyunsaturated fat and sodium compared with the other groups. However, greater length of residence in the US was associated with lower intakes of energy, total fat, saturated fat, and sodium; and higher fiber intakes. Overweight and obesity were associated with greater length of residence in the US and language spoken at home (English and Spanish equally). Diabetes and hypertension had no significant relationships with length of residence in the US or language usually spoken at home. Greater length of residence in the US was associated with greater risk of CHD.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Castor, Chimene
Commitee: Johnson, Allan, Thompson, Linda L.
School: Howard University
Department: Nutritional Science
School Location: United States -- District of Columbia
Source: MAI 56/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Nutrition, Hispanic American studies
Keywords: Acculturation, Coronary heart disease, Diabetes, Hypertension, Latino, Obesity
Publication Number: 10190826
ISBN: 978-1-369-71351-0
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