TAp63, a member of the p53 family, has been shown to regulate energy metabolism. Here, we report coiled coil domain-containing 3 (CCDC3) as a new TAp63 target. TAp63, but not ΔNp63, p53 or p73, induces the expression of CCDC3 mRNA level by directly binding to the p63 consensus DNA binding sequence within the CCDC3 enhancer region. The CCDC3 expression is markedly reduced in TAp63-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts and brown adipose tissues and by tumor necrosis factor alpha that reduces p63 transcriptional activity but induced by metformin, an anti-diabetic drug that activates p63. Also, the expression of CCDC3 is positively correlated with TAp63 levels, but inversely with ΔNp63 levels, during adipocyte differentiation. Interestingly, CCDC3, as a secreted protein, targets liver cancer cells and increases long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, but decreases ceramide in the cells. CCDC3 alleviates glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and fatty liver (steatosis) formation in transgenic CCDC3 mice on the high-fat diet by markedly reducing hepatic PPARγ expression and consequently leading to a drastic decrease of the PPARγ target gene, CIDEA, and other genes involved in de novo lipogenesis and of lipid droplets formation in their livers. Similar results are reproduced by hepatic expression of ectopic CCDC3 in mice on high-fat diet. Altogether, these results demonstrate that CCDC3 modulates liver lipid metabolism by inhibiting liver de novo lipogenesis as a downstream player of the p63 network.
|Commitee:||Lee, Sean B., Machado, Heather L., Park, Heewon, You, Zongbing|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Molecular biology, Biochemistry, Medicine|
|Keywords:||CCDC3, Lipid metabolism, Liver, p63|
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