This thesis will first trace the wanderings of Filippo Salvatore Gilij’s life story, from the small Umbrian town in which he was born, to the Jesuit missions of the Orinoco, to his Italian exile and homecoming. It will view his Saggio di storia americana (Essay on American History 1780–1784) in light of contemporary scholarship regarding eighteenth-century methods for evaluating historical sources, the Catholic Enlightenment, and Spanish Eclecticism (the mediation of Amerindian knowledge, Catholicism, and European natural philosophy). The publication and reception of Gilij’s Saggio will then be considered within the world of Jesuit propaganda and alongside Spain’s efforts to control its own description. Lastly, an English translation of select passages from Gilij’s Saggio will provide readers with a view of the New World and human nature that is both eclectic and global.
|Commitee:||Berquist Soule, Emily, Vettore, Enrico|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Romance, German, Russian Languages and Literatures|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 56/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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