Background: One of the most pressing global issues in health care settings is patients’ safety. In an effort to decrease medical errors and improve the quality of patient care, many health care organizations have adopted an electronic medical record (EMR) system. The federal government supported this widespread EMR implementation with multi-billion dollar financial support. However, to date, the lived experience of the nurses transitioning to EMR is not clearly understood. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of nurses transitioning to EMR usage.
Philosophical Underpinnings: This qualitative study followed van Manen’s phenomenological perspectives under the naturalistic (constructivist) paradigm with the research question, “What is the experience of nurses transitioning to electronic medical records (EMRs) usage?”
Methods: A qualitative phenomenological methodology was used for this study. A purposive sample of 15 nurses who have experienced transitioning to the EMR usage was selected to explore the lived experience of nurses transitioning to electronic medical records (EMR) usage with the overarching question: What is the lived experience of nurses transitioning to EMR usage like? Data collection occurred with in-depth, semi-structured interviews using open-ended questions. Each individual interview was tape-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and member checked. Data analysis was guided by Max van Manen’s (1990) phenomenological method, which includes describing, interpreting, textual writing and rewriting. Data analysis resulted in a rich and thoughtful representation and increased understanding of what it is like for nurses transitioning to EMR usage.
Results: Four core themes Doubting, Struggling, Accomplishing, and Embracing emerged. Three subthemes emerged: Balancing time between computer and patients and Increasing workloads and responsibility, which are subthemes of Struggling, and Leaving human interaction behind, a subtheme of Accomplishing. These themes illuminated the lived experience of 15 nurses transitioning to EMR usage. Thomas Kuhn’s (1996) process of scientific inquiry provided a framework to gain a deeper understanding of this phenomenon.
Conclusions: This study explored the lived experience of nurses transitioning to EMR usage in hospital settings. The results of the inquiry highlighted the essence of participants’ experience by revealing their doubt about the EMR’s functionality, struggle with transitioning and using the new EMR system, accomplishment of successful transition to the EMR system, and finally acceptance of technology in their daily work practice. The findings of this study contributes to the debate about EMR usage in nursing practice to engage nurses to ponder how they provide quality, patient-centered care while using the EMR system to reach the common goal of provision of quality care.
|Advisor:||Chin, Claudette R.|
|Commitee:||Beason, Ferrona A., Edmonds, Michelle|
|Department:||College of Health Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Electronic medical records, Nurses|
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