Depression, stress and suicide have been widely discussed in relation to farmers, (Fetsch, 2011; Fraser et al, 2005; Schulman, 2005); however, limited literature has been identified that addresses farmers’ emotions, how those emotions are regulated, and what programs are needed to support farmers with emotionally-related issues. This interpretistconstructivist qualitative study was conducted to learn about farmers' emotions and emotion regulation strategies as well as to better inform the North Carolina Agromedicine Institute (‘the Institute’) to respond to requests from farm families for assistance with emotionallyrelated issues. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions (Fredrickson, 2001), interpersonal theory of suicide (Van Orden, Witte, Cukrowicz, Braithwaite, Selby, & Joiner, 2010) and the process model of emotion regulation (Gross, 1998, 2014, p.7) were the theoretical underpinnings of this study.
Semi-structured interviews were completed with a purposive sample of 15 farmers from across the state with whom the Institute had previously worked on agricultural health and safety issues. A brief survey was used to collect participant demographic data. Trustworthiness of the study was established through member checking, peer debriefing, maintenance of an audit trail, methods and reflexive journals, and use of thick description. Data was analyzed using an inductive, constant comparative process.
Key themes that emerged relative to the emotions expressed by farmers were minimally positive – the limited expression of positive emotions; negative patchwork – the preponderance to express an array of negative emotions; stress lining – the expression of experiencing stress on a daily basis; and, family, farm economics and the public – all precipitators of negative emotions and stress. Major themes that emerged with respect to how farmers regulated their emotions were figure out and reassure – the tendency to turn inward and try to figure out or reason through what they can be done to change negative circumstances and outcomes as well as to reassure self and others that things would be okay going forward; modulate/suppress– efforts to regulate emotions and expression of emotions; galvanized by God – relying on a strong relationship with God and faith to deal with the challenges of living and working on the farm.
Primary themes associated with social regulation of emotion were: the traditional farm wife – describing the wife as meeting basic family care needs and not serving as an emotional support; no time for friends – having no time for friends due to on-farm obligations; and alone – being alone physically or feeling alone even when others were in close proximity. Farmers suggested that efforts be made to educate the public about farm production, develop programs to provide emotional support to farmers and their families and work with politicians and agribusiness leaders to examine current business models and their negative effects on farmers and their families as well as on the future sustainability of the farm.
|School:||North Carolina State University|
|School Location:||United States -- North Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Agricultural education, Occupational psychology|
|Keywords:||Emotion regulation, Farm families, Farmers, North Carolina, Social regulation|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be