Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The effects of mindfulness-based intervention on self-compassion in incarcerated youth
by Johannsdottir, Anna Lisa, Psy.D., Alliant International University, 2017, 124; 10257056
Abstract (Summary)

Most incarcerated youth have experienced some form of trauma, which impacts their emotional and social development, preventing them from fostering self-compassion, positive self-schemas, attunement to and self-regulation. This in turn is hypothesized to preventing incarcerated youth from engaging in pro-social and positive manners. One intervention that has shown promise in fostering positive emotional development, improving self-regulation, attunement, and self-compassion in adults is mindfulness meditation. However, research has yet to examine the role of mindfulness in improving self-compassion, as it relates to mindfulness, with incarcerated youth.

Current study investigated the Mind Body Awareness Project 10-week mindfulness-based group intervention and it’s impact on incarcerated youths’ levels of self-compassion, self-acceptance, and self-esteem. Before and after completion of the 10-week intervention, 24 participants filled out self-report questionnaires on self-compassion, self-acceptance, and self-esteem. I hypothesized that self-reported self-compassion, self-acceptance, and self-esteem would significantly increase as a result of participation in the mindfulness-based treatment intervention. To test the hypotheses, a two-by-six mixed-method ANOVA was completed. No significant differences were found on self-reported self-compassion, self-acceptance, and self-esteem. Although results were not statistically significant, this study contributes to the limited research and literature that exists on incarcerated youth and positive psychological components and further highlights the importance of culturally informed treatments for incarcerated youth. Limitations, research implications, and recommendations are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Chang, Tai
Commitee: Connor, Michael E., Himelstein, Sam
School: Alliant International University
Department: San Francisco, CSPP
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 78/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Clinical psychology
Keywords: Incarcerated youth, Mindfulness-based intervention, Self-acceptance, Self-compassion, Self-esteem
Publication Number: 10257056
ISBN: 9781369601138
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