This research examines the transition from the Late and Transitional Archaic (ca. 4500–2800 BP) to the Early Woodland (ca. 2900–2200 BP) from a social perspective, as a time period of dramatic linked cultural and environmental change. Previous research in western New York is used as a starting point to discuss a suggested reorganization of society that occurred with the advent of the large scale Meadowood Interaction Sphere, which transported socially meaningful items across the Northeast. This innovation is interpreted as a fundamental break and change in identity from the preceding Late Archaic time period, which had developed highly territorial interactions with impermeable boundaries for exchange. The cache blade was the ubiquitous trade item and dominant diagnostic marker of the Meadowood. It was crafted from Onondaga chert, found in western New York and interpreted to be symbolically important for its ubiquity across vast areas. A chaîne opératoire perspective is used in conjunction with structuration theory for the interpretation of a lithic analysis of Early Woodland Meadowood assemblages in comparison to suspected Early Woodland assemblages and against archaeological test assemblages, to examine if affiliation with a group identity can be read through the measurement of debitage attributes which were controlled by the flint knapper and learned through passed down traditions. This study demonstrates the validity of this technique, which provides a direct link between the archaeological assemblage and the creation of socially significant items, as well as demonstrating how small-scale societies dealt with an unpredictable climate in prehistory.
|Advisor:||Perrelli, Douglas J.|
|Commitee:||Chevral, Tim, Zubrow, Ezra|
|School:||State University of New York at Buffalo|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Climate change, Lithics, New York, Prehistory, Resilience, Structuration|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be