Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The development of indigenous liquid soap for the prevention of infectious diseases in impoverished rural communities
by Toeque, Sanubo, II, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2017, 55; 10253874
Abstract (Summary)

This industrial project is designed to develop a chemical process for the formulation of liquid soap. Three ingredients required to make liquid soap are rainwater, oil, and potassium hydroxide. These three ingredients, when mixed to exhibit a chemical reaction, generate the saponification reaction and can produce soap and byproduct glycerol. The liquid soap is made from indigenous materials including coconut oil, palm oil, rainwater, cinnamon hydrosol, and potassium hydroxide extracted from wood ash as well as commercially available materials including potassium hydroxide.

The Fourier Transfer Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) measures the functional groups, while the surface tension measures the critical micelle concentration; both instruments measure the standard Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS). The SDS results are then compared to oils, soap products, and byproduct glycerol. These measurements are made to determine the effectiveness of soap and to compare the wood ash potassium hydroxide with commercially available potassium hydroxide in the soap products.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Mendez, Sergio
Commitee: Jang, Larry, Mendez, Sergio, Smith, Gregory
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Chemical Engineering
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 56/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Chemical engineering
Keywords: Development, Impoverished, Indigenous, Infectious diseases, Liquid soap, Rural communities
Publication Number: 10253874
ISBN: 978-1-369-57547-7
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