Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A qualitative and quantitative evaluation of dietary supplement topics prioritized by collegiate athletes
by Osterman, Sarah, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2017, 62; 10254415
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study is to explore questions and information needs of National Collegiate Athlete Association (NCAA) Division I collegiate athletes that could be addressed by reputable health professionals, like sports dietitians. A secondary aim focuses on identifying if the type of information prioritized by NCAA collegiate athletes is related to athlete gender, sport-type, or self-perceived knowledge level of supplement safety. A mixed methods approach was used. Many studies have been conducted to observe trends in collegiate athlete supplement consumption, motivations for consumption, supplement information sources and supplement safety; however, there is a lack of research concerning the health professional-provided education needs among athletes. Using data from a previous study, athlete responses were read and coded independently into 6 major categories by two researchers. A chi-square analysis was conducted to determine if there was a significant relationship between desired type of information and gender, sport-type and self-perceived knowledge of dietary supplement safety ( p < .05). No significant relationship was found between desired information type and gender or sport-type. A strong trend was found with desired information type and self-reported knowledge of dietary supplement safety (p = .06) indicating an inverse relationship between athletes’ self-perceived knowledge regarding supplement safety and the degree to which they desired information from health professionals. However, athletes’ confidence in their perceived level of current knowledge may outweigh or influence their desire to learn more information from a qualified source, such as a sports dietitian. The topic of information regarding dietary supplements most prioritized by athletes included those related to supplement quality and composition, which indicates that athletes are interested in learning about supplement safety, ingredients and information about legality. The results of this study can assist in directing efforts to develop educational support for NCAA athletes to optimize safe use of dietary supplements and NCAA eligibility.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Barrack, Michelle
Commitee: Gray, Virginia, Loy, Michelle
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Family and Consumer Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 56/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Nutrition
Keywords: Collegiate athletes, Dietary supplement, Knowledge level, Motivation, Supplement use
Publication Number: 10254415
ISBN: 978-1-369-56826-4
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