This dissertation examines the ability of existing and proposed affordable housing policies to align with sustainable transportation goals in California. At the regional level, research analyzes how well one regional metropolitan regional planning agency has been able use California’s unique housing “fair share” mandate, the Regional Housing Needs Allocation (RHNA), to steer affordable housing development into jobs rich communities. Using a quasi-experimental design that focuses on non-competitive tax credit financed affordable housing in the region, the research clearly shows that fair share housing mandates can be used by regional agencies to advance sustainable transportation planning objectives. At the federal level, this dissertation investigates how a change in the determination of maximum payouts for Section 8 housing vouchers, known as Fair Market Rents (FMRs), alters the ability of voucher holders to access transit and jobs rich neighborhoods. The results show that changing to “Small Area” FMRs, which are determined at the ZIP code scale, dramatically improves voucher holders’ access to jobs rich neighborhoods. And finally, at the state level, an analysis is conducted to determine if California’s emphasis on promoting affordable housing in transit and jobs rich neighborhoods is increasing the cost of affordable housing development. The modeling results indicate that affordable housing near transit stops is not significantly more expensive, but that costs increase slightly for projects in jobs rich neighborhoods. The results of this research are intended to inform policy makers at every level of government on how best to continue to integrate transportation and housing policies.
|Commitee:||Handy, Susan, Simpson, Sheryl-Ann|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Geography, Urban planning|
|Keywords:||Afforable housing, Low income housing tax credit, Public transit, Regional planning, Sustainable transportation, Vouchers|
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