Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Examining Air Pollution and Asthma in Metropolitan Communities Using Spatial and Statistical Analyses
by Fyfe, Hannah, M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2016, 93; 10249697
Abstract (Summary)

The study of Environmental Justice (EJ) communities typically focuses on the uneven amount of environmental contamination in low-income, high-minority areas, especially those within urban districts. Because of high traffic and industrial sources of air pollution, the ambient air quality within these areas often fails to reach compliance with national standards. Criteria pollutants controlled under the Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990 includinfcg Particulate Matter (PM), Nitrogen oxides (NOx), and Sulfur dioxide (SO2) have the capacity to threaten the integrity of the public health within a community. In this manner, the monitoring of epidemiological trends, including respiratory conditions such as asthma, can be used to assess the effects that non-attainment of such pollutants has on a population. The study of three metropolitan districts, St. Louis, Missouri; Kansas City, Kansas; and Charlotte, North Carolina allows for the comparison of geographically unique urban areas that have similar population demographics in order to determine if EJ communities have higher rates of asthma due to the exposure to criteria air pollutants. Each urban area is also located on the boundary between two states, allowing the opportunity to examine if different states implement environmental policies to variant degrees. It is expected that EJ communities will be located in areas that experience greater exposure to industrial air pollution and will have rates of asthma that are higher than the national average. The integration of environmental policies with a public health issue provides an opportunity to address the social inequalities within EJ communities with respect to the uneven distribution of sources of air pollution in impoverished areas.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Guehlstorf, Nicholas
Commitee: Brown, Stacey, Lubsch, Lisa
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Environmental Sciences
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 56/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Environmental Health, Environmental Justice
Keywords:
Publication Number: 10249697
ISBN: 9781369533378
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