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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Conducting an Assessment for Hypertension in African American College Students
by Montague, Frances E., D.N.P., Walden University, 2017, 73; 10257252
Abstract (Summary)

Hypertension (HTN) in African American (AA) young adults is diagnosed, treated, and controlled at a lower rate than it is among older AA adults and Caucasians. Untreated high blood pressure (BP) can progress to pre-HTN, HTN, and cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death in the United States. Guided by Pender’s health promotion model, this project sought to identify modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for pre-HTN and HTN in AA students at a historically black university. In this quantitative study, 115 students completed a questionnaire regarding personal and family medical history and health behaviors, and had their height, weight, BP and heart rate measured by a nurse. The data were summarized descriptively using frequencies and percentages and revealed that, while 81% of the students presumed that their BP was normal, 45% had a BP reading that indicated pre-HTN and 5% had a BP reading that indicated HTN. Some students had nonmodifiable risk factors: 62% reported a family history of HTN and 5% reported a personal history of HTN. Ten percent of students smoked, 44% were not physically active daily, and 62% were overweight/obese. These are modifiable behaviors and risk factors that can be altered with lifestyle changes. The rate of behavioral risks, whether personal or familial, could predispose the AA college student to HTN later in life. This project has the potential to produce positive social change by providing a guide to nurses working in student health services departments in developing educational programs designed to promote general health and prevent HTN. These programs can help reduce AA students’ rates of mortality and morbidity in later life.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Fowles, Eileen
Commitee: Garner, Catherine, Reilly, Cheryl
School: Walden University
Department: Nursing
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 78/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: African American Studies, Nursing, Public health
Keywords: African Americans, Blacks, Cardiovascular, College students, Hypertension, Risk factors
Publication Number: 10257252
ISBN: 978-1-369-59400-3
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