Considerable literature has been written on female suicide terrorists and their motivations, yet the use of sexual violence, specifically rape, as a weapon of war and a means of recruitment and retention has been overlooked by counter-terrorism experts and military strategists. Academics and those who study war, feminist theory, and foreign policy acknowledge that rape has been used as a terrorist tactic in insolation. Most reports have highlighted that female terrorists are coerced, shamed, and humiliated by the violation of their bodies. Absent from these studies is the matter of rape used as a tool of recruitment and retention, which has larger strategic implications. There is untapped potential in strategic recruitment of women for terrorist campaigns that extends beyond a singular terrorist operation. Failure to address this aspect of rape ignited the question for this thesis. This thesis aims to understand rape as a tool of recruitment and retention of female terrorists and demonstrate how this act affects the security of a region.
This thesis poses the question of rape (with male perpetrator against female victim) as a recruitment and retention tool for female suicide bombers and how that act affects security in terms of the successful recruitment of girls and women using this method. Terrorist recruiters use girls and women for various reasons, justify their use despite cultural taboos, and use rape as a tool for compliance. Use of rape as a tool of compliance has strategic implications, especially to terror organizations. The use of girls and women in terrorist operations must be taken into consideration when post-conflict reconstruction plans and counter-terrorism measures are developed so that strategies are put in place that offer protection to girls and women, thereby deterring their availability to terrorist organizations.
Keywords: Gender-based violence, terrorism, rape, female suicide, conflict
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, Criminology, Organization Theory|
|Keywords:||Gender-based violence, Rape, Recruitment, Suicide bombers, Terrorist organizations|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be