Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Exposure to Interparental Aggression during Youth and Internalizing Psychopathology in Adulthood: The Moderating Role of the Autonomic Nervous System
by Rivers, Alison J., M.A., State University of New York at Albany, 2016, 51; 10247167
Abstract (Summary)

The present study examines the impact of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an indicator of parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity, and skin conductance level (SCL), an indicator of sympathetic nervous systems (SNS) activity, on the relationship between interparental aggression exposure in childhood and adolescence and internalizing psychopathology (anxiety, depression symptoms, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms) in young adulthood. Participants completed self-report questionnaires regarding youth interparental aggression exposure and current young adult psychopathology. Participants included 188 adults (mean age = 19.45 years old; 72% Caucasian/white; 55% female). Results demonstrate that co-activation of the PNS and SNS in the context of high interparental aggression exposure enhances the relationship between interparental aggression exposure and anxiety in females. Results support previous research and theoretical models and encourage further examination of the interactive relationships between family violence, autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning, and mental health.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gordis, Elana
Commitee: Hormes, Julia
School: State University of New York at Albany
Department: Psychology-Clinical
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Clinical psychology, Physiological psychology
Keywords: Anxiety, Autonomic nervous system, Depression, Interparental aggression, Posttraumatic stress disorder
Publication Number: 10247167
ISBN: 9781369421965
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