Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Association Between Physician Characteristics and Surgical Errors in U.S. Hospitals
by Amadi-Nwada, Obumneke, D.P.H., Walden University, 2017, 157; 10254898
Abstract (Summary)

The high incidence of medical and surgical errors in U.S. hospitals and clinics affects patients’ safety. Not enough is known about the relationship between physician characteristics and medical error rates. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine the relationship between selected physician characteristics and surgical errors in U.S. hospitals. The ecological model was used to understand personal and systemic factors that might be related to the incidence of surgical errors. Archived data from the National Practitioner Data Bank database of physician surgical errors were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Independent variables included physicians’ home state, state of license, field of license, age group, and graduation year group. The dependent variable was surgical medical errors. Physicians’ field of license and state of license were significantly associated with surgical error. Findings contribute to the knowledge base regarding the relationship between physician characteristics and surgical medical errors, and findings may be used to improve patient safety and medical care.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Jimenez, Dr. Richard
Commitee: Jones, Chester, Rea, Nancy K., Salandy, Simone
School: Walden University
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 78/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Public health, Surgery, Health education, Epidemiology
Keywords: Hospital adverse events, Medical erorr rates, Medical errors, Patient safety, Physicans characteristics, Surgical errors
Publication Number: 10254898
ISBN: 9781369526448
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