Even as Egypt’s deeply troubled economy failed to provide Egyptians with adequate economic opportunities, public demands for quick democratic transition compelled the ruling Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF) to hold the first post-Mubarak parliamentary elections from November 28, 2011 – February 22, 2012. As the Muslim Brotherhood’s (MB) newly-formed political arm, the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) focused on mobilizing its political machine, and achieved unprecedented electoral success through its mother organization’s robust but undisclosed resources. Without the emergence of political actors with the ability to challenge the MB at the ballot box, it is clear that the FJP is likely to repeat its electoral success. As long as Egypt’s electoral laws permit the FJP to conduct its campaigns with undisclosed financial and political resources, other political forces will continue to be challenged by the FJP’s established advantages.
As an examination of Egypt’s electoral politics, this dissertation is a narrow analysis of the Muslim Brotherhood’s 2011-2012 parliamentary campaigns, with the objective of identifying to reasons of the organization’s electoral success. While supplemented by secondary resources and principally backed by information gathered through field interviews conducted in Egypt during February-March, 2011, this dissertation concentrated mainly on the FJP’s Cairo area People’s Assembly (PA) campaigns, with a focus on the party’s street level operations.
Keywords: Egypt, Muslim Brotherhood, Elections, Democratization, Arab spring
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Islamic Studies, Middle Eastern Studies|
|Keywords:||Arab spring, Democratization, Egypt, Egyptian Parliamentary elections, Elections, Muslim Brotherhood, Political influence|
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