Quality education and student achievement depends on a number of factors: parental involvement, leadership, curriculum, teacher professionalism, and student demographics. One aspect of schooling that has received less attention is governance structures, which also matter in terms of organizational effectiveness and delivery of education. The majority of U.S. public school districts are managed according to locally elected school boards. However, in urban school districts, politicians and policymakers are experimenting with mayoral control, state takeovers, and decentralization efforts. Governance models were implemented as a means to improve functioning and efficiency of the public school system and to improve student outcomes in the classroom. This study will examine how formal governance arrangements impact student outcomes in Detroit Public Schools, where students perform below state and national standards. The analysis goes back to 1999, when significant restructuring of the Detroit Public School system occurred, in which power was transferred from the school board to the mayor. This timeframe gives a ten-year period to analyze gubernatorial, municipal, and legislative changes that impact the provision of public school. The study draws on current research in the field of urban education policy and uses cases studies from other urban school districts. However, urban school districts are unique in political history, in governance design, and in the length of time the new model has been place making it difficult to derive best practices and to determine whether governance changes increase student achievement. Good governance is a necessary element to quality education, but not sufficient means for transformative education reform.
Key words: public education; governance structures; urban school districts; Detroit; school boards
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Education, International Relations|
|Keywords:||Detroit Public Schools, Education services, Governance structures, Michigan, Public education, School boards, United States, Urban school districts|
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