Following the 1973 Middle East oil embargo targeted against the United States for political reasons, the U.S. established the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The creation of this oil reserve stockpile in 1975 was mandated by the U.S. Congress through the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. Its purpose was to prevent against a future severe energy supply disruption. Using an explanation building methodology based on deterrence theory, this essay elucidates the reasons why the U.S. SPR has effectively protected American national interests for over 30 years.
Key Words: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Energy Policy and Conservation Act, deterrence theory
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||International Relations, Petroleum engineering|
|Keywords:||Deterrence theory, Energy Policy and Conservation Act, Middle East oil embargo, Strategic Petroleum Reserve, United States|
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