Contemporary pro-democracy protest movements were highly visible during the year of 2014, especially in the United States and China. The United States faced the Ferguson Protest which was a response to the police shooting of an unarmed African-American male, Michael Brown, in Ferguson, Missouri. China faced the Hong Kong Umbrella Protest which was organized as public outcry for full democratic elections in Hong Kong.
The thesis hypothesis claims the existence of collective memory, learning, and deliberative democracy contributes to contemporary pro-democracy protest movements’ ability to increase societal evolution. The Ferguson Protest and the Hong Kong Umbrella Protest are hypothesized to exhibit the three interaction elements in their demonstrations.
The national collective memory of the United States and China include historical pro-democracy protests of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement and 1989 Tiananmen Square, respectively. The learning of the protesters during the actual demonstration can promote solidarity and enhance the effectiveness of collective action. New research indicates that deliberative democracy can also be compatible with protest movements. The overlap of interaction between collective memory, learning, and deliberative democracy is referred to as harmony triad, which is the location of the unique interaction of these three elements that has the potential to increase the evolution of society.
The phenomenon of harmony triad can exist in contemporary pro-democracy protest movements during compatible socio-political situations to increase societal evolution. As this is an emergent area of scholarship, a multidisciplinary approach was required to study the phenomenon. The evidence to confirm this hypothesis was established through literature review, case studies, and a theoretical experiment.
Protest, Democracy, Evolution, Harmony, Phenomenon
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||China, Democracy, Evolution, Harmony, Phenomenon, Pro-democracy protest movements, Protest, Tiananmen Square, United States|
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