The state of gender equality stands at a crossroads in contemporary China. While the Communist Revolution brought women the right to work and divorce in the name of class struggle, the economic reform introduced in 1979 opened the door to lawless competition and unprecedented opportunity. As the state shifted its emphasis from equality to development, inequalities that were previously muted or rendered nonexistent by the shared poverty of the earlier decades began to emerge. Gender, rural/urban, and class inequality has intensified as capitalism introduced riches to a privileged few, and women have suffered disproportionately as a result.
Rural-urban migrant women are confronted with a myriad of inequalities as they move in search of opportunity. Although they exercise greater agency than ever before, they continue to be held to the expectations their gender determines for them. To explore this dichotomy, I used mixed methods of research that included an informal survey, interviews, and a focus group. Research was carried out in Picun, an urban village located near Beijing International Airport, from February-May 2014. Findings are framed within the context of marital power and the cultural construction of gender roles.
KEYWORDS: GENDER / CHINA / MIGRATION / INEQUALITY / CULTURE
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||China, Culture, Gender, Inequality, Migrant women, Migration|
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