Judaism, often referred to as the first monotheistic religion, remains today a strict and organized religious community. The religion itself is not one of the largest in number of followers, but those who are born Jews, even expressing different levels of religious engagement, are usually observant and connected with the millenary traditions of the Jewish culture and identity. The aim of this research was to look into the Jewish community in Brazil, trying to understand the extent to which Brazilian Jews are Brazilian nationals before Jewish devotees, and how members of the Brazilian Jewish community use online social networks to express a sense of “being Jewish” while, at the same time, establishing and sustaining some kind of community cohesion. Combining two different research methodologies—semi-structured interviews and participant observation of an Orkut community—this paper has shown that, both offline and online, there seems to be a community dilemma of national assimilation versus group solidarity. This dilemma of national assimilation seems to be rooted not in Judaism per se, but in the way how a Jewish identity has been constructed borrowing influences from outside of Brazil that do not reflect the specific conditions found by Jews in the Brazilian scenario.
Keywords: Identity; Brazil; Judaism; Jewish community; Orkut
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American Studies, Multimedia Communications, Judaic studies|
|Keywords:||Brazil, Identity performance, Jewish diaspora, Orkut, Social networks|
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