Under the current policy in France, prostitution is not illegal, but all surrounding activities are. Furthermore, there is no current legislation that accounts for the fact that the majority of working prostitutes in France are migrants, thus they are often at an even further disadvantage than domestic prostitutes. In 2003, the government furthered the ambiguousness of the legal parameters of prostitution by establishing the Law on Inner Security, which introduced “passive solicitation” as a criminal offense. Passive solicitation is legally defined as appearing to have intentions to sell sex in public and enforcement is left entirely up to the discretion of local officers. In 2011, a cross-party commission of MPs was established to reexamine French prostitution policy. In 2012, the commission is passed a resolution recommending the introduction of a policy similar to that of Sweden’s, which calls for the criminalization of the purchase of sexual services rather than the solicitation or sale of sexual services. However, the unique history of migration in Europe and France has shaped the prostitution population in a particular way. This thesis argues that an overhaul of the current prostitution policy in France should not be considered without particular attention paid to the migration aspect of the situation. French prostitution policy is in need of a unique and integrative approach that not only caters to its particular population primarily composed of immigrants, but also is clear and more readily understood by the general public and the prostitutes themselves. Using a policy evaluation system created by Eugene Bardach, this thesis determines that a hybrid approach blending the best of the available prostitution policies would be most suitable for addressing every aspect of the French prostitution question.
Key Words: Prostitution; Migration; Social Policy; European policy trends; Bardac
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Bardach, Eugene, European policy trends, Migration, Prostitution, Social policy|
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