The tragic mass murders that took place in Rwanda and Srebrenica in the 1990s shed light on the shortcomings and limits of peacekeeping operations, as well as the global community's collective responsibility to protect civilians in conflict zones. Those events led to the invention of the "Responsibility to Protect" (R2P) doctrine and worldwide acceptance of United Nations (UN) peacekeepers’ use of force to protect civilians in conflict zones. The "Responsibility to Protect" principle aims at providing a legal and ethical basis for humanitarian intervention. This thesis looks at the position that the notion of "Responsibility to Protect" occupies in international law and how it has modified peacekeeping practice on an operational tier.
KEYWORDS: R2P, PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS, CONFLICT ZONES, UNITED NATIONS (UN), PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS, USE OF FORCE
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Conflict zones, Peacekeeping operations, Protection of civilians, R2P, United Nations, Use of force|
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