Development of the air transport sector is of central importance to Africa’s ability to export commodities in the global market. Historically, the safety and security of African air transport has been a source of concern and an impediment to the integration of African countries into the world economy. Insecurity levels, due to interstate or intra-state conflicts, remain relatively high. Against this backdrop, there is a potentially major threat to African commercial air transport on the horizon - that of a shoulder-fired missile referred to as Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS). International concern regarding its use against aircraft has grown since a 2002 attack on a civilian aircraft in Kenya. Attention to this weapon has been raised even more recently with the reported looting of Libyan weapons arsenals after Mouammar Gadhafi’s fall from power earlier this year. This thesis examines this threat and argues that the inadequate policies of weapons exporting countries are major contributors to its proliferation. To make this argument, it uses as a point of departure and expands upon the World Bank’s report entitled, World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development (WDR 2011). The WDR 2011 is intended to provide a new theoretical framework for countries and policy makers to utilize in development strategies within particular regions affected by conflict and lacking security. This thesis examines the WDR 2011 using the threat MANPADS pose to civil air transport development in Africa as a case study. In addition, it argues that the policy followed by the arms producing countries related to MANPADS places the air transport sector in Sub-Saharan Africa at increased risk, with potentially serious repercussions for sustainable development and economic growth. The research design and procedure follow a structured, focused review through examination of arms transfer policies for MANPADS, the growth of the air transport sector in Sub- Saharan Africa, and the World Bank’s WDR 2011.
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Africa, Air, Bank, Global, Manpads, Risks, Saharan, Sector, Security, Sub-saharan, Transport, World|
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