Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Designing policies to encourage brain gain in Ghana: A look at student migration to France
by First-Quao, Deborah Naa Darkua Afua, M.A., The American University of Paris (France), 2013, 142; 10305749
Abstract (Summary)

The paper examines the migration of students from Ghana to France. Various sources of information were used including interviews with leaders of various Ghanaian associations in France, employees at the Ghanaian embassy, and various civil society organizations involved with student migration. In order to find out issues affecting studentsā€˜ decision to return or stay in France, a survey was conducted and a focus group discussion was held. Even after migrating to France, students maintain links with the home country through short visits, remittances and various online media. While the majority of students intend to return upon completion of their studies, indecisiveness leads them to further their studies or explore other countries before returning.

This pattern of migration suggests that job-related incentives and administrative help with resettlement are the biggest factors of concern for young diaspora. The results reported in this paper clearly indicate that the government has a lot to benefit from tapping into the skills of diaspora youth in France. Their fields of study, international work experience, and ability to speak French are all relevant skills needed to fill the growing human resource gap in Ghana. However, lack of communication and outreach, clear policies, and relevant institutions hinders Ghana from tapping into this valuable resource. The paper outlines successful student return policies implemented by Eritrea and suggests feasible ways the government of Ghana can encourage brain gain.

Keywords: brain gain, co-development, diaspora engagement policy, France, Ghana, migration policy, return migration, student migration, youth empowerment

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Monteiro, Stephen
Commitee: Talcott, Charles
School: The American University of Paris (France)
Department: Global Communications and Civil Society
School Location: France
Source: MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Multicultural Education, Education Policy, Sub Saharan Africa Studies
Keywords: Brain gain, Ghana, Student migration, Youth empowerment
Publication Number: 10305749
ISBN: 978-1-369-49313-9
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