This thesis explores the moral qualities that converge and diverge across cultures in order to create a cognitive balance for contemporary business leaders. Specifically, the researcher assesses the following four cultural groups: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Humanism. These four groups have been selected to represent a likely scenario in which specific cultural differences are likely to confront managers in the contemporary workplace. Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism represent religious ideologies that provide a moral compass for adherents, whereas Humanism represents a secular ideology. These three religions are chosen because of their widespread geographical distribution and amount of followers throughout the world. Humanism is chosen to represent how moral principles are institutionally and philosophically constructed outside of a religious context in order to illustrate that religion does not hold a monopoly on moral reasoning. Convergent and divergent qualities of moral principles are identified through a literature review and countries are selected in order to choose nations that best represent Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Humanism. The selected countries are then measured with Hofstede's cultural dimensions framework. This study provides a review of moral reasoning in both secular and religious cultures for business managers to consider when building a cognitive balance in the workplace. In particular, this research investigates how managers can provide a stimulating work culture to enhance overall capacity building. An essential trait that the modern business manager must have is the ability to find the hidden connections that strengthen an organization. This review aims to identify the hidden connections and differences of moral values across the selected cultural groups in order for a business manager to synthesize greater value within an organization.
Keywords: 1. Morality; 2. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Humanism; 3. Business Management; 4. Convergence and Divergence; 5. Cognitive Balance
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Department:||Cross-Cultural and Sustainable Business Management|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Ethics, Management, Organizational behavior|
|Keywords:||Buddhism, Christianity, Cognitive balance, Diversity, Humanism, Islam, Morality, Organizational culture|
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