This pilot study examined the impact of Christian meditation and biofeedback on levels of stress, anxiety, and depression of seminary students in Southern California. Participants were randomly assigned to practice Christian meditation or biofeedback for 4 weeks, three times per day, and to keep a log of their practice times.The study included 20 seminary students all of whom were theology students and who were recruited from two seminary campuses in Southern California. The participants were of various ethnic backgrounds with the majority being European Americans. The average age was 31. The results from a paired samples t-tests indicated that both biofeedback and Christian meditation significantly reduced the levels of stress, anxiety, and depression experienced by the participants. ANCOVA indicated that neither intervention was more effective than the other. The implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are discussed.
|Commitee:||Cho, Jin H., Prince, Judy|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 56/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Theology, Counseling Psychology, Spirituality|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Biofeedback, Christian meditation, Depression, Seminary students, Stress|
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