Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Norway leads the world in gender equality and work-life balance: A qualitative life course study of Norwegian women
by Martin, Lene Karine, Ed.D., Pepperdine University, 2016, 237; 10251796
Abstract (Summary)

Norway is one of the world’s leading countries in gender equality and work-life balance and therefore proves to be an exceptional model for study to improve gender equality and work–life balance around the world (Strømland, 2009). Norway continues to rank top three in the Global Gender Gap Index in addition to being the happiest country, best country to live, leading country in gender equality and work-life balance, best country for motherhood, and one of the top three countries for business (Badenhausen, 2015; Berglund, 2010; Bradford, 2011; Dresser, 2010; Helman, 2011; McNeil, 2010; “Norway tops ‘best country’ list, U.S. ranks 10th,” 2010; Rienstra, 2010; Winter, 2010; Worley, 2014).

Data collected from the interviews of 22 Norwegian women are used to understand the relationship between gender equality and work-life balance, that this relationship enables more women to work and be leaders, and that gender equality leads to financially successful organizations. This phenomenological study uses Giele’s (2002, 2008, 2009) life story method and theoretical framework and Weber’s (2011) instrument to explore Norwegian women’s experiences through the dimensions of identity, relational style, motivation, and adaptive style as shaped by Norway’s culture and laws to gain further insight and understanding.

Findings from this study suggest supportive relationships and autonomy are major contributors to Norway’s success in gender equality and work-life balance, which offers a countering view to the GLOBE study’s (House, Hanges, Javidan, Dorfman, & Gupta, 2004) assessment of family groups in the Nordics. Furthermore, 20 work-life balance strategies were revealed, in addition to a new leadership intelligence framework: Nordic Intelligence (NQ). The findings from this study may help to create happier people, more satisfied employees, better and effective leaders, successful organizations, and stronger nations and economies worldwide.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Weber, Margaret J., Schmieder, June
Commitee: Tobin, John C.
School: Pepperdine University
Department: Education
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 78/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Womens studies, Scandinavian Studies, Organizational behavior
Keywords: Cross-cultural research, Gender equality, Organizational leadership, Qualitative research, Women and leadership, Work-life balance
Publication Number: 10251796
ISBN: 9781369442892
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