Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Applying General Strain Theory to misconduct among South Korean officers
by Park, Jongha, Ph.D., University of Florida, 2015, 291; 10173563
Abstract (Summary)

Police misconduct is a serious social problem in the world. While police misconduct is highly prevalent, clear practical explanations of police misconduct are lacking. This study drew on Robert Agnew’s General Strain Theory (GST) to examine the relationships between officers’ strains, negative emotions, conditioning variables, and misconduct. Survey data from 599 officers working in the Daegu Metropolitan Police Agency was examined within a Structural Equation Model (SEM). The direct, indirect or mediating, and moderating effects were analyzed in terms of police strains, negative emotions, and conditioning variables as potential predictors of misconduct in a South Korean context. The results from SEM analysis indicate that major portions of this study supported GST. The removal of positive stimuli strains predicted negative emotions and misconduct. In the mediation model, anger and depression fully mediated the relationships between strains and misconduct. Depression proved to be a more influential negative emotion than anger. However, the conditioning variables of social support, self-efficacy, and differential association failed to demonstrate moderating effects on the relationships between strains and misconduct even though each conditioning variable showed a direct significant relationship with misconduct. Policy implications, limitations, and future research are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Krohn, Marvin
School: University of Florida
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: DAI-A 78/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Social research, Sociology, Criminology
Keywords: General Strain Theory, Misconduct, Police
Publication Number: 10173563
ISBN: 978-1-369-27795-1
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