Production of natural gas from unconventional gas-hydrate reservoirs faces kinds of challenges and uncertainties. One of the main and most common problems in gas-hydrates drilling is the dissociated gas from gas hydrates with decrease of pressure, increase of temperature, or combination of them. A reliable method that can be applied to predict the temperature profile of fluid during circulating in the drilling pipe and the annulus is needed. An analytical model was developed in this study for predicting temperature profiles in drilling gas-hydrate deposits. A case study is provided and indicates a good consistency between model-implications and field observations. According to the sensitivity analyses, the temperature profile of fluid in the drill pipe can be affected by the thickness of drill pipe, density and heat capacity of drill mud, pumping rate of drill mud, geo-thermal gradient, and the surface geo-temperature. The bottom hole temperature is dominated by the temperature and flow rate of the injected drilling fluid, thermal conductivity of cement, heat capacity and density of drill mud, geo-thermal gradient and geothermal temperature at surface, thickness of drill pipe, and cement sheath. Higher geothermal gradient and surface geothermal temperature can lead to a higher temperature profile of fluid in the annulus. The Joule-Thomason cooling effect below the drill bit nozzles will rapidly diminish in a short interval above the bottom hole by the heating effect of geo-thermal gradient. The rate of penetration of drill bit has negligible effect on the fluid temperature profile due to the low percentage of heat flow contributed by the drill cuttings.
|Commitee:||Farmer-Kaiser, Mary, Feng, Yin, Mokhtari, Mehdi|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||MAI 56/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Analytical method, Drilling gas hydrates reservoirs, Wellbore temperature profile|
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