Screening of high-risk groups and birth cohorts of adults born between 1945 and 1965 for Hepatitis C infection can lead to a decrease in morbidity and mortality related to Hepatitis C liver diseases, which include cirrhosis of the liver and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although early detection through screening reduces the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma by 70% and other causes by 50%, screening of high risk groups is suboptimal in the primary care setting. In the specialty of gastroenterology, routine screening strategies present a unique opportunity to screen for Hepatitis C. The purposes of this synthesis project were to identify individuals at risk for Hepatitis C infection by screening with an adapted version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Hepatitis Risk Assessment Tool and to offer testing for Hepatitis C antibodies in individuals with identified Hepatitis C risk factors. Project outcomes demonstrated that 100% (n=30) of project participants qualified for Hepatitis C antibody testing: two participants were also identified as high risk. Although approximately 53% (n=16) of participants agreed to testing, only 36.7% (n=11) completed testing. All participants who completed testing were negative for Hepatitis C antibodies. Healthcare providers can use Hepatitis C risk assessment tools in routine clinical practice to increase screening rates and testing of high risk individuals.
|Commitee:||Gauthier, Donna, Lenahan, Christy, Linton, Denise, Nichols, Paul H.|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Hepatitis C, Hepatitis C screening|
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