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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Morphologic and transcriptomic response to weed pressure in multiple maize (Zea mays l.) selections and teosinte ( Zea mays l. ssp parviglumis) lines
by Bruggeman, Stephanie A., Ph.D., South Dakota State University, 2016, 202; 10163119
Abstract (Summary)

Sweet corn (Zea mays L. convar. saccharata var. rugosa) and modern dent variants (field maize, Zea mays L. indentata) have varying degrees of weed tolerance (ability to maintain yield under weed stress). Maize retains ∼30% of its ancestral teosinte’s (Zea mays ssp parviglumis) genetic base. Transcriptomic response to weed pressure in maize and teosinte can lead to manipulation of the maize genome to minimize crop yield loss due to weed presence. In maize and teosinte under weed-free and weed-stressed conditions, the objectives of this study were: 1) to evaluate transcriptomic responses of 2 teosinte lines; 2) to evaluate transcriptomic response in 5 maize selections in 4 different growing seasons; 3) to determine if mid-season growth parameters (chlorophyll, height, stem diameter, leaf area, or biomass) correlate with crop tolerance; and, 4) to compare and contrast transcriptomic responses among maize and teosinte selections.

Four maize selections and 2 teosinte lines suffered grain yield (maize) or harvest biomass (teosinte) loss due to weed stress ranging from 13-44%. Each evaluated selection had a unique response to weeds, with 3 gene ontologies (jasmonic acid response/signaling, UDP-glucosyl and glucuronyltransferases, and quercetin glucosyltransferase) common to all selections evaluated. These common ontologies were not directly related to light depravation or quality, nutrient depravation, nor water stress, which were expected to be the primary mechanisms in weed response.

This research suggests individual maize and teosinte selections have distinctive responses to weed stress.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Clay, Sharon
Commitee: Clay, David, Horvath, David, Subramanian, Senthil, Trooien, Todd
School: South Dakota State University
Department: Plant Science
School Location: United States -- South Dakota
Source: DAI-B 78/04(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Agriculture, Plant sciences, Bioinformatics
Keywords: Maize, Teosinte, Transcriptomic, Weeds
Publication Number: 10163119
ISBN: 978-1-369-17891-3
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