Background: The most recent report of Global Burden of Cancer (GLOBOCAN) indicated the incidence rate of prostate cancer in Haiti as 38.6 and the mortality rate as 32.3 per 100,000. The literature supports a high correlation between early prostate cancer screening and low mortality rate from the disease. Yet, the participation of Haitian men in prostate cancer screening remains low (Kleier, 2010). The literature has a lack of research on this matter, which presented the gap to be examined.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which of these selected constructs of the Health Belief Model (perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers) are predictors to the intention of Haitian men regarding prostate cancer screening. Other modifying variables were also considered as predictors to the outcome variable.
Theoretical Framework: The Health Belief Model (HBM) was utilized as the primary guide for the study; the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence served a complementary lens to account for any cultural gap studying this population.
Method: A correlational, predictive cross-section design was used to obtain a convenience sample in Haiti (N = 200). The Champion HBM scale was adapted and modified for prostate cancer; it was administered in Haitian Creole and French. Data were analyzed through descriptive, correlation, logistic regression, and the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis (H) analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine predictive correlation among the variables.
Results: Seven hypotheses were tested; all but one was supported. Perceived benefits were found to have a predictive relationship to Haitian men’s intent to screen for prostate cancer [χ2 (3) = 14.47, p = .00]. Further, the nonsignificant Hosmer and Lemeshow statistic, χ2 (8) = 4.33, p = .83 supports that the data was a good fit for the model. No other variable was found to be significant.
Conclusion: The findings from this study can be utilized by nurses and other healthcare professionals to generate and implement culturally appropriate interventions; consequently, these interventions will decrease the morbidity and mortality rates of prostate cancer among Haitian men in Haiti and abroad.
|Advisor:||Beason, Ferrona A.|
|Commitee:||Chin, Claudette R., Colin, Jessie M.|
|School Location:||United States -- Florida|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Caribbean Studies, Health sciences, Nursing|
|Keywords:||African-american, Cancer screening, Haitian men, Health belief model, Prostate, Prostate cancer|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be