Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Templated oligosaccharide synthesis
by Jia, Xiao G., Ph.D., University of Missouri - Saint Louis, 2016, 284; 10153735
Abstract (Summary)

Glycosyl transfer within the active site of an enzyme involves the arrangement of the gly-cosyl donor and glycosyl acceptor in close proximity to each other. To mimic this process, intramolecular glycosylations are carried out where the donor and acceptor are linked together via a spacer. Correct orientation, rigidity and position of the spacer play a vital role in the selectivity and yield of reactions in this “molecular clamp method”. Though current methodologies show promising results in terms of yield and selectivity, the need to synthesize different complexes to ensure selectivities in all types of glycosidic linkages is a large deterrent to the wide spread use of this technique.

Reported herein is a new molecular clamp method for the synthesis of oligomeric carbohydrates, based on a bis-phenol A (BPA) template, which allowed us to place the glyco-syl donor and acceptor counterparts in the correct orientation to each other using with different length linkers (L1 and L2) for exceptional facial α-selectivity. This has been demonstrated in a majority of applications, particularly those involving glycosylation of the secondary glycosyl acceptors; exceptional selectivity for the synthesis of challenging α-linked disaccharides has been achieved. We have also demonstrated that a modified bis-phenol-A template allows for connection of multiple building blocks to perform in-tramolecular oligosaccharide synthesis.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Demchenko, Alexei V.
Commitee: Bauer, Eike B., Braddock-Wilking, Janet, Chickos, James S.
School: University of Missouri - Saint Louis
Department: Chemistry and Biochemistry
School Location: United States -- Missouri
Source: DAI-B 78/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Organic chemistry
Keywords: Carbohydrate, Intramolecular glycosylation, Oligosaccharide, Synthesis, Templating
Publication Number: 10153735
ISBN: 978-1-369-08855-7
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