Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Precision Calculations for Electroweak Physics at Hadron Colliders
by Zhou, Jia, Ph.D., State University of New York at Buffalo, 2016, 135; 10163882
Abstract (Summary)

Electroweak (EW) corrections can be enhanced at high energies due to the soft or collinear radiation of virtual and real W and Z bosons that result in Sudakov-like corrections of the form α Wllogn(Q2/MV 2), where αW = α/(4πsin2&thetas; W) and n ≤ 2l – 1. Here MV denotes the W or Z boson mass, &thetas; w the weak mixing angle and Q2 a typical energy scale of the hard process under consideration. The inclusion of EW corrections in predictions for the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is therefore especially important when searching for signals of possible new physics in distributions probing the kinematic regime Q2 » MV 2. Next-to-leading order (NLO) EW corrections should also be taken into account when their size (O(α)) is comparable to that of QCD corrections at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) (O(αs2)). To this end we have calculated and implemented in the parton-level Monte-Carlo program MCFM the NLO weak corrections to three key processes at the LHC: the Neutral-Current Drell-Yan process, top-quark pair production and di-jet production. This enables a study of their effects on LHC observables combined with the already available QCD corrections at NLO and NNLO. We provide both the full NLO weak corrections and their Sudakov approximation, since the latter is often used for a fast evaluation of weak effects at high energies and can be extended to higher orders. With both the exact and approximate results at hand, the validity of the Sudakov approximation can be readily quantified. In the case of top-quark pair production at the LHC we also calculated the NLO QED corrections.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Wackeroth, Doreen
Commitee: Kharchilava, Avto, Rappoccio, Salvatore, Stojkovic, Dejan
School: State University of New York at Buffalo
Department: Physics
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-B 78/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Physics
Keywords: Electroweak physics, Elementary particle physics, Hadron colliders, Perturbative higer order, Phenomenology, Precision calculation
Publication Number: 10163882
ISBN: 9781369185232
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