Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Star/Galaxy Separation in Hyper Suprime-Cam and Mapping the Milky Way with Star Counts
by Garmilla, Jose Antonio, Ph.D., Princeton University, 2016, 177; 10167596
Abstract (Summary)

We study the problem of separating stars and galaxies in the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) multi-band imaging data at high galactic latitudes. We show that the current separation technique implemented in the HSC pipeline is unable to produce samples of stars with i 24 without a significant contamination from galaxies (> 50%). We study various methods for measuring extendedness in HSC with simulated and real data and find that there are a number of available techniques that give nearly optimal results; the extendedness measure HSC is currently using is among these. We develop a star/galaxy separation method for HSC based on the Extreme Deconvolution (XD) algorithm that uses colors and extendedness simultaneously, and show that with it we can generate samples of faint stars keeping contamination from galaxies under control to i ≤ 25. We apply our star/galaxy separation method to carry out a preliminary study of the structure of the Milky Way (MW) with main sequence (MS) stars using photometric parallax relations derived for the HSC photometric system. We show that it will be possible to generate a tomography of the MW stellar halo to galactocentric radii ∼ 100 kpc with ∼ 106 MS stars in the HSC Wide layer once the survey has been completed. We report two potential detections of the Sagittarius tidal stream with MS stars in the XMM and GAMA15 fields at ≈ 20 kpc and ≈ 40 kpc respectively.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Strauss, Michael, Lupton, Robert
Commitee: Bosch, James, Ivezic, Zeljko, Lupton, Robert, Spergel, David, Strauss, Michael
School: Princeton University
Department: Astrophysical Sciences
School Location: United States -- New Jersey
Source: DAI-B 78/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Astrophysics, Astronomy
Keywords: Classification, Extreme Deconvolution, Galaxies, Hyper Suprime-Cam, Separation, Stars
Publication Number: 10167596
ISBN: 9781369219449
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