The posttest only experimental design study was conducted to examine if exposure to neutral or negative portrayals of mental illness in media influences viewers’ attitudes on mental illness. Participants were 22 self-selected students from a private, co-educational university in an urban area of the east south-central region of the United States. Two groups watched one of two movies that were pre-determined to be reflective of American culture and mental illness (i.e., Lars and the Real Girl and Drive). Data was collected by administering Community Attitudes Toward Mental Illness (CAMI) and a demographic questionnaire. An independent t-test was used to determine if CAMI subscales varied because of the movie presented. Participants who watched the movie portraying mental illness in a negative context were predicted to have higher social restrictiveness and authoritarianism subscale scores, and those who watched the movie portraying mental illness in a neutral context were predicted to have higher benevolence and CMHI subscale scores. However, there was not a significant difference on any subscales scores at p = .05 between the movies presented to each group. Implications are discussed.
|Commitee:||Chastain, Melissa, Frazier, Virginia, Nash, Brenda|
|School Location:||United States -- Kentucky|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Psychology, Mass communications|
|Keywords:||Community attitudes toward mental illness, Media influence, Mental illness, Movies, Stigmatization, Television|
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