A mixed methods sequential explanatory design was used to conduct research to help fill the gap in the literature on cross-cultural differences between Ghanaian workers in American Multinational Companies and Ghanaian Companies in Ghana. The purpose of this research was to identify, compare, and make understandable to multinational companies the work ethic of Ghanaian workers in issues related to centrality of work, leisure, and morality/ethics. In the quantitative phase, using a stratified random sampling approach, 300 participants completed surveys on work ethic. The results were analyzed using SPSS software package. The qualitative phase followed with interview of 30 purposively sampled participants on work ethics. The results were coded, organized, and categorized using NVivo. The findings did not support the perceptions held by American Multinational Companies that Ghanaians have a poor work ethic, are lazy, and love pleasure. In contrast, the study results indicated that Ghanaian worker ethics included working hard to achieve a goal, doing voluntary work, meeting deadlines; having good relationships with peers, subordinates, and superiors. The results also indicated Ghanaian workers in USA companies exhibit a set of work ethics different from the Ghanaians working in Ghanaian companies, self-employed, and not employed. The results of this research were significant at 98% confidence level and are generalizable to settings that have similar cultural exposé as Ghana, considering the differences noted which were mainly cultural based.
|Advisor:||Fletcher Sadono, Regina|
|School:||University of Phoenix|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||African Studies, Business administration, Management|
|Keywords:||Cultural competence, Diversity, Multicultural, Multinational companies, Work ethic, Work ethic dimensions|
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