Traveling can be considered as a special subjective event in one’s life that becomes part of autobiographical memory, which refers to the memories regarding the self and personal relations with the world. Although there is a growing interest in discussing memorable travel experiences as autobiographical memory, there is no research regarding the functions of memorable travel reminiscence as autobiographical memory and the relationship between memorable travel experiences and its reminiscence functions. Therefore, this study attempts to understand memorable travel experience and its reminiscence functions by answering the following research questions: (1) What are the components of memorable travel experience and how are the components measured? (2) What are the functions of memorable travel reminiscence and how are the functions measured? (3) Is there any difference in the components of the memorable travel experience between two approaches (i.e., recollection and belief)? (4) What are the relationships of the memorable travel experience and its reminiscence functions (i.e., directive, self, and social functions)?
Through in-depth personal interviews, this study denotes memorable travel experiences as a multi-dimensional domain explicated by (1) social interaction, (2) novelty, (3) destination attractiveness, (4) excitement and (5) learning. Furthermore, deploying confirmatory factor analyses drawn on empirical survey data, this study tests the five dimensions of memorable travel experience and finds a four-dimension solution in which the dimensions of destination attractiveness and excitement could be combined. As a result, the memorable travel experience could be best explained by four dimensions: (1) social interaction, (2) destination-enthusiasm, (3) novelty and (4) learning. Among those dimensions, destination-enthusiasm differs significantly between two types of memorable travel experiences: one derived from recollection and the other from belief. Recollected memorable travel experience shows a higher destination-enthusiasm. Moreover, this study develops and tests a scale in respect to the functions of memorable travel reminiscence that results in three dimensions: (1) directive, (2) self and (3) social. Finally, with structural equation modeling, the study reveals that the memorable travel experience has a significant effect on the three functions of memorable travel reminiscence.
|Advisor:||Chen, Joseph S.|
|Commitee:||McCormick, Bryan P., Piatt, Jennifer A., Seo, Dong-Chul|
|Department:||School of Public Health|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Autobiographical memory, Memorable travel experience, Memorable travel reminisence, Reminiscence functions|
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