Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Motivation to succeed in college students: Quantitative differences between Iranians and Americans
by Aarabi, Judith Ann, Ph.D., Capella University, 2016, 200; 10137494
Abstract (Summary)

This study investigated relationships between nine independent variables and three dependent variables measuring intrinsic motivation (for knowledge, to accomplish, to experience), extrinsic motivation (external, introjected, and identified regulation), and amotivation (neither intrinsic nor extrinsic motivation), in a comparison analysis of second-generation Iranians and American university students. The nine independent variables measured were, participant’s age, participant’s education, father’s education, mother’s education, parental income, gender, number of siblings, stress, and confidence. Based on the principles of self-determination theory a multidimensional approach was taken that included assessments of self-efficacy (stress and confidence) and need for social approval to determine if there were any possible interrelationships with the outcome variables. T-test results revealed a significant difference in each motivational type between the Iranian group and the American group. In a step-wise backward multiple regression technique, the nine independent factors were analyzed to determine possible relationships with the outcome variables. The independent variables had a notable influence on the outcome variables and the variable confidence was consistently observed for both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Parental income, gender, stress, and participant’s post-graduate/PhD degree level had a direct influence on amotivation. Results indicate that self-determination, autonomy, and regulation of behavior are internalized differently in diverse individuals and social background plays a significant role. Limitations and recommendations for future research are also discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Fremont, Paula, Boulden, Kimberly
Commitee: Davis, Joseph, Mihalache, Gabriela
School: Capella University
Department: Social and Behavioral Sciences
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 78/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational psychology, Higher education
Keywords: College success, Cultural values, Educational values, Motivation, Second-generation iranians, Self-determination
Publication Number: 10137494
ISBN: 978-1-339-93187-6
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