This study examined whether the variance in the labor market outcomes is due to the variance in educational outcomes or due to the variance in social origin via education in Korea among young adults. Prior to the investigation of the variance in the labor market outcomes, the study investigated the association between social origin and education.
The data was collected from the longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of 12th grade students in the spring of 2004 at general and vocational high schools and 12th grade students in the spring of 2007 at special-purposed high schools in Korea. The study samples were randomly selected based on a stratified sampling process: for general high schools, the stratification was made based on the region; for vocational high schools, the stratification was created based on school type - technical, commercial, and others; and for special-purposed high school, the stratification was created only for foreign language schools based on private and public school type. One hundred general high schools, 100 vocational high schools, and 20 special-purposed high schools were randomly selected. From the select-schools, classes were randomly selected and from each class, students were randomly selected. The total sample size was 2,000 students from general, 2,000 from vocational, and 600 from special-purposed high schools. The cohorts are annually surveyed in various areas, including their education, employment, and income. Parents of general and vocational high school students were surveyed during the first wave and parents of special-purposed high schools were surveyed during the fourth wave. Descriptive statistics, binary logistic, multinomial logistic, and multiple regression methods, were utilized to analyze the data.
Statistically significant study findings showed that the variance in the labor market outcomes is due to variance in social origin via education in Korea. It was found that education is highly associated with social origin, and private supplementary education strengthens the association between social origin and higher education advancement.
|Commitee:||Choi, Jaehwa, Tekleselassie, Abebayehu, Williams, James|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|Department:||Educational Administration and Policy Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-A 78/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Income inequality, Inequality in education, Labor market outcomes, Private tutoring, Social inequality, Social mobility|
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