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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Taphonomy of Sediments: Bioturbation in the Triassic Moenkopi Formation in Southwestern Utah
by Bird, James Vernon, Jr., M.S., Loma Linda University, 2016, 88; 10131425
Abstract (Summary)

Measurement of bioturbation reflects physical and biological processes operating over time and can be used to reveal information about paleo-environments. The purpose of this study was to determine the intensity of bioturbation in Triassic Moenkopi Formation at Hurricane Mesa in Southwestern Utah. This formation is interpreted as having been deposited mostly in large ancient river channels, tidal flats, delta and shallow marine environments. Five stratigraphic sections measured in the Virgin Limestone Member provided the basis for this study. Detailed descriptions and quantification of bioturbation were recorded in each of the sections. Similar treatment was given to additional study sites in the rest of the formation, above the Virgin Limestone. Treatments on selected samples were implemented to better reveal evidence of bioturbation. In these treatments samples were coated with water or oil, etched with HCL and viewed under blacklight. Integrating the results of the treatments with x-ray diffraction and petrographic analysis suggest that there was minimal bioturbation. These findings are consistent with more rapid deposition than previously reported by other researchers.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Brand, Leonard
Commitee: Buchheim, Paul, Esperante, Raul
School: Loma Linda University
Department: Geology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 55/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Geology, Paleontology, Soil sciences
Keywords: Bioturbation, Hurricane mesa, Intensity of bioturbation, Moenkopi formation, Sedimentation rate, Stratigraphy
Publication Number: 10131425
ISBN: 978-1-339-89218-4
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