The current study examined the construct of intergenerational transmission of trauma (ITT) in relation to its effect on depressed, anxious, and stress symptoms in a sample of participants who could identify a parent as having survived notable trauma. Parental communication style was examined as the moderating factor. A total of 89 participants comprised the current sample, with a majority of the sample representing individuals who identified as highly educated, female, and born in the United States of America. Five assessment tools were utilized, including the Modified Secondary Trauma Questionnaire (MSTQ; Motta, Hafeez, Sciancalepore, & Diaz, 2001), The Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS; Lovibond, & Lovibond, 1995), The Family Communication Scale (FCS) from The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-IV; Olson, 2011) and a demographic questionnaire. The most frequent traumas in the sample included loss of parent or other significant family member, physical/sexual/verbal abuse and immigration related trauma. Multiple regression statistics were used to analyze the data, and it was found that MSTQ scores contributed significantly toward the variance in levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. Parent communication style did not moderate these associations. Clinical implications, study limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.
|Commitee:||Bell, Terece, Gasbarrini, Molly|
|School:||Alliant International University|
|Department:||Los Angeles, CSPP|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 78/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Individual & family studies|
|Keywords:||Family communication, Family communication style, Intergenerational transmission of trauma, Trauma|
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