Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers
by Conill, Annette L., P.S.M., Florida Atlantic University, 2015, 87; 10154925
Abstract (Summary)

Patients receiving Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) for late stage head and neck (HN) cancer often experience anatomical changes due to weight loss, tumor regression, and positional changes of normal anatomy (1). As a result, the actual dose delivered may vary from the original treatment plan. The purpose of this study was (a) to evaluate the dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands during the course of treatment, and (b) to determine if there would be an optimal timeframe for replanning. Nineteen locally advanced HN cancer patients underwent definitive IMRT. Each patient received an initial computerized tomography simulation (CT-SIM) scan and weekly cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans. A Deformable Image Registration (DIR) was performed between the CT-SIM and CBCT of the parotid glands and Planning Target Volumes (PTVs) using the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) and the Velocity deformation software. A recalculation of the dose was performed on the weekly CBCTs using the original monitor units. The parameters for evaluation of our method were: the changes in volume of the PTVs and parotid glands, the dose coverage of the PTVs, the lateral displacement in the Center of Mass (COM), the mean dose, and Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) of the parotid glands. The studies showed a reduction of the volume in the PTVs and parotids, a medial displacement in COM, and alterations of the mean dose to the parotid glands as compared to the initial plans. Differences were observed for the dose volume coverage of the PTVs and NTCP of the parotid gland values between the initial plan and our proposed method utilizing deformable registration-based dose calculations.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Selvaraj, Raj, Kalantzis, Georgios
School: Florida Atlantic University
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: MAI 55/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Medical imaging, Physics, Nuclear physics, Oncology
Keywords: Computerized tomography-to-cone beam computerized tomography, Deformable registration, Head and Neck, Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy, Normal Tissue Complication Probability, Parotid glands
Publication Number: 10154925
ISBN: 9781369100105