Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Hofstede model and national cultures of learning: A comparison of undergraduate survey data
by Whalen, John Matthew, M.A., Colorado State University, 2016, 111; 10149811
Abstract (Summary)

Researchers in cross-cultural pedagogy often invoke the work of Hofstede (1980; 1986) and Hofstede, Hofstede, and Minkov (2010) to explain variation in classroom behavioral norms across countries (e.g. Cronjé, 2011; Li & Guo, 2012; Tananuraksakul, 2013). Although Hofstede' s model of culture was developed from IBM employee surveys to facilitate cross-cultural management, Hofstede explicitly suggests that his findings can be generalized to student and teacher behavior in the classroom. The present study tests this suggestion by administering an online survey to university students (n=625) in the following countries: USA (n=181), South Africa (n=103), China (n=64), Turkey, (n=60), Russia, (n=59), Finland (n=58), Vietnam (n=52), and France (n=48). Although the number of countries included in this study is too low to produce globally generalizable results, a statistical comparison of national means on each item fails to support Hofstede's predictions about how national culture manifests in the classroom for these particular countries. Instead, provisional support is found for the creation of a new set of cultural dimensions for the specific purpose of studying classroom culture, with three such dimensions emerging from a principal components analysis of the present data set. The examination of national differences on individual items in this survey can also be useful for traveling instructors of English-speaking university classrooms.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Nekrasova-Beker, Tatiana, Becker, Anthony
Commitee: Opsomer, Jean
School: Colorado State University
Department: English
School Location: United States -- Colorado
Source: MAI 55/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Cultural anthropology, Educational sociology, Pedagogy
Keywords: Applied linguistics, Cross-cultural communication, Cross-cultural pedagogy, Hofstede, Intercultural communication, Pedagogy
Publication Number: 10149811
ISBN: 9781369049077
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