Purpose: This study aimed to assess the impact that various maternal influences have on disordered eating behaviors and attitudes in a sample of young women.
Methods: Self-report data were collected from 172 young women, from a mid-sized, public, Midwestern university (mean age = 19.61; 64% Caucasian). The maternal influences examined were weight-related maternal criticism, weight-related maternal modeling, and weight-related maternal teasing.
Results: Fourteen percent of participants reported experiencing a high level of distress regarding dieting, body weight, and disordered eating behaviors and attitudes. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that when examined together, body mass index (BMI), maternal criticism, maternal modeling, and maternal teasing significantly accounted for 26% of the variance in disordered eating behaviors and attitudes. After controlling for BMI, maternal criticism, maternal modeling, and maternal teasing accounted for 23% of the variance in disordered eating behaviors and attitudes. In that model, only maternal criticism and maternal modeling were significant predictors.
Conclusion: This study has implications for the prevention and treatment of eating disorders. The results suggest that health care providers should focus on educating parents about the potential damaging effects of weight-related criticism, teasing, and modeling.
|Commitee:||Ro, Eunyoe, Segrist, Dan|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 55/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology, Individual & family studies, Higher education|
|Keywords:||Criticism, Eating disorders, Maternal, Modeling, Risk factors, Teasing|
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