Despite the rapidly expanding body of literature relating to electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use, notable gaps in the available literature are apparent. Many different models and types of ENDS are available, such as electronic cigarettes, electronic hookahs, and newer-generation ENDS devices (vapes/mods). Yet, the scientific community has been slow to identify and investigate different ENDS products other than “e-cigarettes.” The current project serves to bring a level of specificity to ENDS research that has not yet been seen in the published literature. The current study used a multi-site, cross-sectional, experimental design to test 1) whether endorsement of ENDS usage is affected by the language used in measurement, and 2) whether the perceived risk associated with ENDS differs by product type. Lifetime ENDS use was significantly affected by the specific terms used in measurement within a sample of 546 undergraduate students. When presented with response options for multiple ENDS types, lifetime use was 17% greater than when asking about e-cigarettes alone. Significant perceptual differences between ENDS devices were apparent. E-hookahs and vapes/mods were seen as significantly less harmful to use during pregnancy, less harmful to one’s health, and less addictive than either cigalike e-cigarettes or conventional tobacco cigarettes. Together, these findings suggest using generic, single-item measures that only ask about e-cigarettes are problematic.
|Advisor:||Sydeman, Sumner J.|
|Commitee:||Goodman, Robert J., Huffman, Ann H.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||MAI 55/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public health, Developmental psychology|
|Keywords:||E-cigarettes, E-hookahs, Electronic nicotine delivery system, Reporting practices, Risk perceptions, Vaping|
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