Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Gender Differences in Perceptions of Discrimination in STEM Fields and the Interactive Effects of Coping Self-efficacy on Job Outcomes
by Ginder, Melissa, M.A., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2016, 63; 10133779
Abstract (Summary)

Women are still vastly underrepresented in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and compared to men, are entering these STEM fields at lower rates and leaving them in higher numbers. The disparity of women in STEM careers damages the diversity of thought essential to innovation and creates an environment encouraging of gender inequality and discrimination. The current study sought to understand the discrimination women perceive in STEM careers, the negative effects these biases may have on job attitudes, and the role coping self-efficacy plays in mitigating these harmful results. Participants were surveyed through MechanicalTurk and responded to questions regarding their experiences of gender discrimination, level of coping self-efficacy, job satisfaction, and intention to quit. Results indicated that greater perceptions of gender discrimination resulted in lower levels of job satisfaction. Coping self-efficacy proved to be a significant moderator of the relationship between gender discrimination and job satisfaction, such that higher levels of coping self-efficacy resulted in greater job satisfaction despite perceptions of discrimination. Training for coping self-efficacy may serve as an effective tool to competently navigate the obstacles to career success that women face in today’s workplace.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Nadler, Joel T.
Commitee: Bartels, Lynn, Ro, Eunyoe
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Occupational psychology, Gender studies
Keywords: Coping self-efficacy, Gender discrimination, Intention to quit, Job satisfaction, STEM fields
Publication Number: 10133779
ISBN: 978-1-339-92335-2
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