The pilidium larva is an idiosyncrasy defining the Pilidiophora. Its development is unique, and conserved even in derived pilidia; the juvenile is formed via a series of invaginations of the larval epidermis (imaginal discs), then bursts through the larval body while simultaneously consuming it in catastrophic metamorphosis. Pilidium nielseni is a lecithotrophic pilidium with two circumferential ciliary bands reminiscent of the “prototroch” and “telotroch” of a trochophore larva, the ancestral larval form of spiralians. However, pilidium nielseni represents a convergence on this larval form, not the resurgence of the ancestral larva, and typical pilidial development is conserved. In this thesis, I describe the development of pilidium nielseni, and determine it has converged on its body plan at least twice, independently.
|Commitee:||Emlet, Richard, Sutherland, Kelly|
|School:||University of Oregon|
|School Location:||United States -- Oregon|
|Source:||MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Lecithotrophic development, Nemertea, Pilidium|
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