Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Advantage of Hypocrisy: Using Dissonance to Improve Exercise Habits and Reduce Stress
by Southard, Houston, M.A., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2016, 75; 10125487
Abstract (Summary)

The current study investigated whether hypocrisy-induction – a burgeoning method of cognitive dissonance therapy – acts to increase physical exercise habits and reduce stress, as well as how physical exercise mediates the relationship between hypocrisy-induction and perceived stress, and whether self-esteem moderates the relationship between hypocrisy-induction and physical exercise. Using questionnaires and manipulations, this study measured participants’ (both work and non-work) stress, self-esteem, physical exercise habits, and physical exercise intentions. Fifty-four undergraduate students enrolled in Psychology 111 at a small Midwest university were randomly assigned to a control or treatment condition and surveyed on several constructs before being put through manipulations, and were then surveyed online four weeks following the experiment. Results supported some hypotheses, revealing that: as individuals exercise more, they perceive less stress; individuals who had their hypocrisy induced perceived less stress than those who hadn’t; hypocrisy-induction did not affect physical exercise habits or intentions; and those with higher self-esteem are more affected by hypocrisy-induction than those with lower self-esteem. Ultimately, these results highlight the potential efficacy and versatility for hypocrisy-induction to generalize onto improving prosocial behavior.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Daus, Catherine
Commitee: Ross-Stewart, Lindsay, Shimizu, Mitsuru
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 55/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Mental health, Kinesiology, Personality psychology, Cognitive psychology, Higher education
Keywords: Hypocrisy-induction, Physical exercise, Self-esteem, Stress
Publication Number: 10125487
ISBN: 978-1-339-83560-0
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